There are three divisions in the Indian Armed Forces: Army, Navy and Air Force. The Indian Army is one of the largest and major armies in the world. In terms of numbers, the number of Indian Army personnel is the second highest in the world after China.
The President of India is the supreme command of the Indian Armed Forces. The functions of the Indian Armed Forces are carried out by the Ministry of Defence, which provides policy framework and information to the Armed Forces to discharge their responsibilities in the context of the defense of the country.
Here are some facts About Indian Army-
1. India has the largest voluntary army in the world.
2. The Supreme Commander of the Defense Forces of India is the President of India, but the responsibility of the country’s defense system rests with the Cabinet. All important matters related to defense are decided by the Cabinet Committee on Political Affairs, which is headed by the Prime Minister. The Defense Minister is responsible to the Parliament in respect of all matters relating to the services.
3. India had conducted nuclear tests in 1970 and 1990, this test was not even known to the world’s most powerful intelligence agency CIA and it is the biggest success of CIA till date.
4. Only India has the skill to fight high mountains. On behalf of the Indian Army, the High Altitude Warfare School provides training to soldiers from all over the world.
More recently, special forces from the US, England and Russia participated in the invasion of Afghanistan.
6. Mhow is one of the oldest cantonments of India located in Indore district of Madhya Pradesh. From 1840 to 1948, the training of the regiment was done here. It was the Military Headquarters of War (MHOW) at that time. Since then its name was shortened to Mhow.
7. The Indian Army also has a cavalry regiment, there are only three such regiments in the world.
8. Only two Indian soldiers were martyred in the Longewala battle between India and Pakistan. Sunny Deol’s film Border was made on this fight. The special thing was that only 120 soldiers had defeated 2000 soldiers of Pakistan. The Indian Army had a jeep at that time and the Pakistani Army had about 2000 tanks.
9. The Indian Army has built India’s tallest bridge. It is built between Dras and Suru river in the Ladakh Valley. This bridge was constructed by the Indian Army in August 1983.
10. Army Day, every year on 15 January in India, is celebrated by Lieutenant General (later Field Marshal) K. It is celebrated to commemorate M. Cariappa taking over as the top commander of the Indian Army. He took over on 15 January 1949 from General Roy Francis Butcher, the last British top commander of the Indian Army during the British Raj.
11. The 1971 war between India and Pakistan was over when 93000 soldiers of the Pakistani army surrendered to the Indian Army. This was the largest surrender by the Pakistani Army after the Second World War.
12. The Indian Army is also known to spread peace all over the world. India sends the largest number of soldiers from any country in the world under the United Nations peacekeeping mission.
13. Often many popular personalities are awarded honorary ranks of the Armed Forces. Sachin Tendulkar has been awarded the rank of Captain by the Indian Air Force and MS Dhoni has been awarded the rank of Lefty Net by the Indian Army..
14. The army engaged in the protection of the President is the oldest regiment of the Indian Army, which currently resides in the Rashtrapati Bhavan. It was established in 1773.
15. Compared to other government organizations, there is no system of reservation on the basis of caste or religion in the Indian Armed Forces.
16. The Indian Army is known as the best army in the world in terms of fighting in the jungles. Countries like USA, UK and Russia often visit this contingent to know this quality of India.
17. In 2013, ‘Operation Rahat’, which was conducted to save the flood victims of Uttarakhand, was the world’s largest civilian rescue operation.
18. The President’s Border Guard is the oldest military contingent of the Indian Army. It was established in 1773. It is currently posted at Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi.
19. The Indian Air Force has an out-station in Tajikistan. After Tajikistan, now the Indian Army is going to make its out-station in Afghanistan as well.
20. Mhow is one of the oldest cantonments of India located in Indore district of Madhya Pradesh. From 1840 to 1948, the training of the regiment was done here. It was the Military Headquarters of War (MHOW) at that time. Since then its name was changed to Mhow in short.
21. The first action by the Indian Army was in 1961 when the Portuguese Navy was to withdraw from Goa on 18 December 1961, the Indian Army launched Operation Vijay in Goa and on 19 December the Portuguese Army surrendered. Here the Indian army was liberated from the Portuguese Empire of 450 years.
22. The Assam Rifles is the oldest paramilitary force of the Indian Army, which was established in 1835.
23. The Indian Army has never been involved in a military coup and has not launched the first attack in any war.
24. Before 1946, the complete control of indian defense was in the hands of the british. After the partition of the country in 1947, India got 45 regiments, which had 2.5 lakh soldiers. India also got 6 regiments (about 25,000 soldiers) of the Gorkha army.
The remaining Gurkha soldiers joined the British army. The last contingent of the british army became the 1st battalion of the somerset light infantry and left indian soil on 28 bebruary 1948.
Some british officers stayed in india for some time as advisors, but from the very first moment of independence, the indian army was completely in the hands of indians.
Immediately after independence, the Government of India made some changes in the structure of the Indian Army. The Army, Air Force and Navy came under their respective Chiefs of Army.
25. The Indian Air Force has an out station in Tajikistan.
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